The Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) is a sub-regional economic cooperation designed to spur economic development in the lagging subeconomies of member countries. Established in 1994, BIMP-EAGA covers the entire sultanate of Brunei Darussalam; nine provinces in Kalimantan, Sulawesi, the island chain of Maluku, and Papua in Indonesia; Malaysia’s federal state of Sabah; and Mindanao’s 26 provinces and the province of Palawan in the Philippines. BIMP-EAGA has a total land area of 1.6million square kilometers and a combined population of over 60 million people.
With the end goal of narrowing the development gaps among its member states, the BIMP-EAGA economic cooperation focuses on five strategic pillars, which are (i) connectivity, (ii) food basket, (iii) environment, (iv) tourism, and (v) socio-cultural & education. Both the government and private sector has been playing an active role in ensuring the implementation of programs and projects in each strategic pillar.